Leninism

   The term “Leninism” is in effect a shortened version of “MarxismLeninism” since Leninists view Leninism as simply the development of Marxism and its application to Russian conditions. Leninists view Vladimir Ilich Lenin as the true heir of Karl Marx and as true to Marx’s theories. In particular Leninism emphasizes Marx’s belief in a dialectical and materialist philosophical approach, his scientific method and discovery of scientific laws relating to history and society, and his class analysis and commitment to class struggle. What Leninism adds to Marxism is a development of a theory of imperialism, a theory of the party, and a class analysis adapted to Russian conditions. Lenin’s theory of imperialism directed attention to the potential of Russia and other relatively backward countries (in terms of economic and class development) as locations for revolution. The “weakest link” of capitalism, according to his theory, lies in these underdeveloped countries. This view ties up with the Leninist view of the peasantry, the predominant class in underdeveloped countries, as having revolutionary potential. Leninism gives greater weight to the peasantry in such phrases as “revolutionary toilers” referring to the peasantry as well as the proletariat. The Leninist theory of the party argues for a “vanguard party” of dedicated, professional revolutionaries who will lead the masses, guiding and educating them. Most subsequent Marxists have claimed a link to Lenin, most notably Stalinists, Trotskyists and Maoists.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leninism — refers to various related political and economic theories elaborated by Bolshevik revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin. Leninism builds upon and elaborates the ideas of Marxism, and serves as a philosophical basis for the ideology of Soviet… …   Wikipedia

  • leninism — LENINÍSM s.n. Doctrina lui Lenin bazată pe marxism. – Din rus. leninizm, fr. léninisme. Trimis de LauraGellner, 19.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  leninísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  LENINÍSM s.n. Interpretarea,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Leninism — prop. n. a form of communism based on the writings of Marx and Lenin; called also {Marxism Leninism}. Syn: bolshevism, collectivism, Marxism Leninism, Marxism, Sovietism, sovietism. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leninism — [len′in iz΄əm] n. the communist theories, doctrines, policies, and methods of Lenin, including esp. his theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat and analysis of imperialism: a development of Marxism Leninist n., adj …   English World dictionary

  • Leninism — /len euh niz euhm/, n. the form of Communism as taught by Lenin, with emphasis on the dictatorship of the proletariat. [1915 20; LENIN + ISM] * * * Principles expounded by Vladimir Ilich Lenin to guide the transition of society from capitalism to …   Universalium

  • Leninism — Len|in|is|m the teachings of Lenin, based on those of Karl Marx, regarding political, economic, and social matters = ↑Marxism Leninism …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Leninism — noun Date: 1918 the political, economic, and social principles and policies advocated by Lenin; especially the theory and practice of communism developed by or associated with Lenin • Leninist noun or adjective • Leninite noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Leninism — noun The political philosophy named after that is characterized by the theory of and the theory of the . See Also: Leninist …   Wiktionary

  • leninism — n. form of Communism developed by Lenin …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Leninism — noun Marxism as interpreted and applied by the Soviet premier Lenin (1870–1924). Derivatives Leninist noun & adjective Leninite noun & adjective …   English new terms dictionary

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